Blackbox Gardening – Advantages and Procedure

Blackbox Gardening is one of the new trends in gardening. But what is Blackbox Gardening all about? Why is this method worthwhile, how can it be done successfully, and which plants can be used?

When a plant selects where to grow on its own and you don’t spend much time working in the garden, it’s not traditional gardening. We’ll demonstrate this gardening technique, which is quite a different approach to organic gardening, and explain how it benefits both people and the environment.

In this post you can learn about

What is Blackbox Gardening

Blackbox Gardening is an unusual method of installing and customizing your garden with plants. The term “black box” is derived from systems theory and refers to a closed system that is actually incredibly complicated but can only be viewed from the outside and cannot be investigated on the inside.

The gardener thinks, the plant acts,” is a popular proverb linked with this trend.


When it comes to gardening, the black box indicates the following: We perceive the plant community as a self-organizing system, with us just acting as an initiate and spectator. True, plants are introduced into the garden ahead of time, taking into account site circumstances.

However, the gardener has little control over which of these plants will survive and spread. They are the outcome of where the specific plants feel most at ease. Self-seeding plants are a supporting factor because the plants can modify their position and so “select.”

Of course, even in Blackbox Gardening, the basic requirements are predefined, such as bed widths and basic garden plans. And, unlike a pure “black box” in the garden, it is always feasible to interfere in a regulating manner. We will demonstrate how Blackbox Gardening can be used in the garden in the following sections.

#Tip: You can combine a traditional garden with the Blackbox Gardening method. According to the Blackbox approach, it is a good idea to construct a “structural framework” of woody plants to fill in the gaps.

Advantages of Blackbox Gardening

Gardening according to the Blackbox system has some clear advantages which are listed below,

  • Blackbox Gardening needs little time input, and planting effort and bed maintenance are substantially eliminated as part of the installation.
  • Because a lot of labor is done with seeds at first, the costs to start with such a gardening method are relatively inexpensive.
  • Planting according to the area is ultimately possible even without considerable plant expertise because plant selection regulates itself based on location.
  • Native plants will also grow and reproduce on their own, supporting native insect life.
  • Plants that survive are healthy, while plants that are unsuited for the site are not artificially kept alive and die.
  • Which plants will emerge or even propagate the following year is a yearly surprise. As a result, the garden undergoes continuous natural modification.

Tip: The black box gardening technique works especially well in regions that are underutilized and cannot or should not be irrigated or mowed. As a result, some people are referring to blackbox beds as “gap-filler beds.”

Disadvantages of Blackbox Gardening

But there are also some clear disadvantages to blackbox gardening,

  • Blackbox Gardening requires a lot of patience, especially when starting out with little plant knowledge, the garden may appear spotty and sick in the first few years – until some plants that do well establish themselves or you have better luck with seed planting.
  • The long wait for a completed black-box garden tempts you to interfere earlier in the system, which is only a good idea under very specific conditions.
  • Wild plants can be beneficial, but they can also be a hazard. When they outgrow all other plants, regulatory action is required.
  • As a result, the garden will appear rather empty or unkempt in the early stages, but the payoff for the lengthy wait will gradually become apparent year after year. You can sweeten this dry spell by combining planned and self-managing areas.

How to Start Blackbox Gardening

Blackbox Gardening can be employed if you are just starting out with your garden or if you want to create regions in a unique and different way. It’s also a fascinating observation item, so it’s ideal for gardeners who like to experiment. Here’s how you do it in your backyard,

  1. Examine the Location: Is it dry, warm, moist, cold, sunny, gloomy, or semi-shady? What kind of soil is it? In addition to assessing the soil type, it may be beneficial to determine the acidity of the soil. Plants and seeds can be chosen based on this information to get started.
  2. Build basic structures: Set up beds and potentially put woody plants. Paths, hedges, stone walls, and other permanent pieces will now have a home.
  3. Prepare the soil: Loosen open areas, apply compost or mulch as needed, and eliminate invasive species like weeds.
  4. Selecting Plants: Choose plants and seeds based on the conditions of the site. Seeds are especially important in black box gardening. Summer annuals, perennials, and small woody plants are all possibilities. Many perennial and seed nurseries also provide blackbox starter bundles for various sites. Blooming summer flowers and perennials are also a fantastic place to start for a sunny spot. The seed mixtures can be used to offer food and shelter for bees, butterflies, and other beneficial insects.
  5. Sowing: Distribute the plants and seeds across the garden so that it becomes clear where they grow best on their own. Keep in mind, however, that certain plants prefer to grow in groups, while others prefer to grow alone.
  6. After-Sowing Care: It’s now time to water your garden and wait. Some seeds may take longer to germinate than others; make sure they don’t become overtaken by weeds in the interim. Beautiful and beneficial wild plants that you like can, of course, be planted in the garden.

#Tip: It is beneficial to mark the locations where the seeds have been sown. This way, you’ll be able to tell the difference between sprouting plants and weeds later on and avoid pulling them out by accident.

Which Plants are Suitable for Black Box Gardening

Lastly, we’d like to share some information about some of the best plants to grow in a black box.

  • Columbine Flowers (Aquilegia spec.): Spreads swiftly and has flowers that look like they belong in a magical forest.
  • Hawkweed (Hieracium aurantiacum) Fox-and-cubs: It reproduces via runners, has a lengthy flowering period, and can endure prolonged drought.
  • Marigold (Calendula): A must-have in any natural garden since it sows prolifically and provides a feast for insects.
  • Hollyhocks (Alcea): Prefer a wind-protected site for their long blossom stems.
  • Ornamental Garlic (Allium): The flower spheres attract insects, and bulbs are used to grow the plant.

A flower garden is also a low-maintenance, natural approach to plant a garden. In our exclusive essay, you’ll learn how to proceed and also which plants are ideal choices for insects.